Testimony of truth
A testimony of Lucyna Adamkiewicz, World War II veteran, Home Army soldier and prisoner of the German concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.
If it hadn't been for John Paul II’s first pilgrimage to Poland in June 1979, there would have been no Solidarity. “The Polish Pope as a spiritual authority contributed to the collapse of communism,” says Paweł Skibiński, Ph.D., historian at the University of Warsaw and between 2010-2015 director of Warsaw’s Museum of John Paul II and Primate Wyszyński.
The so-called Ładoś list features the chief rabbi of the Netherlands, a friend of Anna Frank's, and a few professors of Israeli universities. Paraguayan passports were also issued to the leaders of uprising in the Bedzin ghetto and of the Jewish resistance in Slovakia, and a number of people who would later write their memoirs. Years later, at least one Survivor was killed in Israel's independence war. One of the Paraguayan documents features Dr Leon Rothfeld with the family, whose members included Adam Rotfeld, the future Polish Foreign Minister.
On 17 September 1939, Soviet troops invaded Poland fulfilling the provisions of a secret annex to the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact, signed by the Third German Reich and the Soviet Union on 23 August 1939. The Soviet-German agreement called for dividing up Poland’s territory between the two totalitarian states. The Soviet Union committed itself to supporting Germany in its military operations against Poland.
In May 1683, the valiant and expansive army of the Ottoman Empire ventured from Belgrade to Vienna. A month later, it besieged the Danube capital. Upon hearing about this, Jan III Sobieski accelerated the mobilisation of the Crown’s army and set off for Vienna. The battle between Polish-Imperial troops under the command of the Polish king and the army under the command of Vizier Kara Mustafa, fought on September 12, created a military breakthrough and saved the Christian part of Europe from the expansive attempts of the Ottoman Empire. To commemorate this anniversary, we have prepared some interesting facts about the Battle of Vienna, King Sobieski and his interesting life.
Seventy-nine years ago, Germany invaded Poland and started World War Two. In the early hours of 1 September 1939, troops of the German Reich crossed the Polish-German border. Even though the 1939 defensive war ended in the defeat of the Polish armed forces, greatly outnumbered by the invader’s army, the lost battle marked the beginning of Polish troops’ engagement on all WW2 fronts.