2018 marks 100th anniversary of regaining independence by Poland.
The year 2018 marks 100th anniversary of regaining independence by Poland.
"History teaches us that without a free Poland there will be no free Czechoslovakia and without a free Czechoslovakia there is no free Poland,” these are words written in a letter sent by the "Founding Father" of Czechoslovakia Tomasz G. Masaryk to Ignacy Paderewski. They are also the motto of a project commemorating joint Polish-Czech anniversaries which takes place from 6 to 15 September on the initiative of the Polish Institute in Prague.
Bring your kids, and join us for a free outdoor community event, appreciate new piece of art in the park, reflect on the neighborhood’s past, enjoy educational workshops, live music, gadgets and delicious snacks. Take part in the Sto Lat Polska project to win a plane ticket to Poland. All brought to you by The Polish Cultural Institute New York, as a celebration of the centennial of Poland regaining its independence.
The fantastic POLSKAÉIRE RUN took place last Saturday, May 5, in the Phoenix Park! Thank you all for taking part in this great event! It is an event accompanying this year’s edition of PolskaÉire Festival (Irish-Polish integration festival) and a great opportunity to promote integration through sport. Watch the pics!
On December 10, 1942, the Polish government-in-exile appealed to signatory states of the United Nations Declaration with a request to prevent crimes being committed against the Jewish population in German-occupied Poland. On the 75th anniversary of the note’s submission, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is presenting an image of the original note, kept in The National Archives in London.
She was the first Polish woman at the Sorbonne, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first woman to be laid to rest at the famous Panthéon in Paris… Maria Skłodowska-Curie, born in Warsaw exactly 150 years ago, remains the most outstanding Polish researcher and global female scientist icon.
September 17th marked the anniversary of the Soviet invasion of Poland of 1939. A key date in the chronology of the Second World War – marking as it does the USSR's entry into that conflict in collaboration with Hitler's Germany – it slipped by almost unnoticed outside of Polish-speaking circles. Though Poles earnestly declare “Pamiętamy” - the rest of the world, it seems, has forgotten.
Wojtek the bear, who accompanied Anders’s Army in all its battles, was not the only animal to serve in the Polish Armed Forces. Wojtek had a predecessor – a polar bear named Baśka from Murmansk. Her story sheds light on a somewhat forgotten part of the history of Polish military units.
It was the Polish Constitution, adopted on May 3rd 1791, and not the much-lauded French Constitution, that was Europe’s first fundamental law. And it was the second in the world, after the American Constitution of 1787. Moreover, it was implemented using democratic methods and, in contrast to France, without any blood being shed.
Almost every European country boasts of its cavalry. The French are proud of the cuirassiers, the English of the Light Brigade, the Russians of the Cossacks, the Swedes of the Reiters, the Prussians of the Hussars of Death, and the Americans of the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the US Army. And yet none of these formations –apart from maybe the Napoleonic Chevau-légers also dependent on Poles – can hold a candle to Polish hussars.
General Haller’s army had a lot to thank France for: first and foremost its name but also its regulations, machine guns, tanks and legendary blue capes. But its rank and file was Polish, composed of diverse “Polish elements” – from recent subjects of Emperor Franz Joseph to settlers from Brazil.
Throughout his life Józef Piłsudski fought for, and in defence of, Poland. As the most eminent representative of the “rebellious” generation, he first was in the socialist movement and then was in the ranks of the Riflemen and legionaries, where he strived to put Poland back on the map.
Michał Bobrzyński was born on 30 September 1849 in Krakow as a son of a doctor. In 1872, he became a doctor of law, and in the following year he received tenure. He was primarily interested in the history of the law and Polish political system, but he also eagerly attended classes in psychiatry, and in the evenings, he devoted himself to astronomical observations. At the age of 34, he became a full member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Józef Piłsudski, the architect of independence in 1918 and one of the most outstanding statesmen in Polish history, was born on December 5th 1867 in Zułów, in the Vilnius region. His achievements and political concepts have been a source of inspiration and heated disputes for politicians, publicists and historians in Poland.
In 2018, Poland celebrates the centenary of regaining its independence. To mark this occasion, the Polish Institute in Bucharest has joined forces with the Museum of the City of Bucharest to organise the "Józef Piłsudski. A Polish & European Statesman" exhibition. It was opened by the Speaker of the Polish Senate Stanisław Karczewski.
There are many members of the clergy among the “fathers of independence,” regained by Poland in 1918. The most important among them is Cardinal Aleksander Kakowski, Primate of the Kingdom of Poland and member of the Regency Council, which laid the foundations for the institutions of the newly independent state. Poland.pl talks to Dr Waldemar Krzyżewski, author of the book "Aleksander Kakowski. Messenger of Freedom", published by the Museum of Independence in Warsaw.
Presenting the most important ideological assumptions of Polish nationalism in “Thoughts of a Modern Pole" published in 1903, Roman Dmowski wrote: "I am Polish ... not only because I speak Polish, and because others who speak the same language are spiritually closer to me and more understandable to me, because some of my personal matters connect me more closely with them than with strangers, but also because that apart from the sphere of personal and individual life, I know the collective life of the nation, of which I am a part, and because apart from my personal interests and interests I know national issues, the interests of Poland as a whole, the highest interests for which we must sacrifice what we cannot sacrifice for personal matters. I am Polish – this means that I belong to the Polish nation throughout its entire territory and throughout its entire existence. [...] Everything that is Polish is mine: I cannot give up anything, I am allowed to be proud of what is great in Poland but I must accept also the humiliation that falls on the nation for the negative elements in it."