COP24 a global success under the Polish presidency
The 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Katowice was a success. The Katowice Rulebook has been adopted which means that the governments of 196 countries agreed on how to implement the Paris Agreement in order to stop climate change. Find out what exactly does the Katowice Rulebook entail and what other declarations have been signed.
The most important aim of COP24 in Katowice was to work out a compromise on how the Paris Agreement will be implemented. After intense negotiations, the Katowice Rulebook was finally adopted. It is a shared success of representatives of the 196 countries who discussed a wide range of issues over the last two weeks. The success was officially announced by the President of COP24, Mr Michał Kurtyka, the Secretary of State in the Ministry of the Environment of Poland. According to the Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, the Katowice Rulebook is the third milestone in global efforts to combat climate change, after the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.
The Katowice Rulebook is a set of of rules and guidelines that make Paris Agreement operational will help countries to address climate change. The most important elements of the Rulebook relate to:
- information about Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) – domestic climate actions taken by the parties;
- reporting on climate finance;
- Global Stocktake of the effectiveness of climate action in 2023;
- assessment of progress on the development and transfer of technology.
The implementation of guidelines will be supported by realizing key announcements such as the World Bank’s pledge of USD 200 billion in climate action funding for the period 2021–2025 or the announcement by the C40 Cities (a coalition of cities from all over the world) to work out how the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C could be applied to cities’ climate actions.
Forests for the Climate Ministerial Declaration
One of Poland’s greatest weapons in the fight for a better climate is one of its natural resources – forests. Poland's forestation is steadily increasing. In less than 10 years from 1995 to 2004, we managed to increase the area of forests by 5040 sq. km. Every year half a billion trees are planted in Poland. We would like to provide an example of how a natural potential could be developed and used to absorb greenhouse gas emissions.
The declaration corresponds with the objective of the Paris Agreement to achieve a balance between greenhouse gas emissions from sources and their absorption by sinks. It would help to guarantee climate neutrality.
Driving Change Together – Katowice Partnership for Electromobility Declaration
The Katowice Partnership for Electromobility is a joint initiative of Poland and Great Britain aimed at promoting transport based on low and zero emission vehicles. Electromobility is an alternative to petrol-powered transport, demanding international cooperation and exchange of experience in order to make it possible to implement. That is why the declaration concentrates on the need to support technologies related to electromobility as well as to construct an adequate infrastructure and create economic and legal conditions for owners of electric cars. The Mobility and Logistics Trust Fund set up by Poland together with the World Bank will be an important tool for achieving those goals.
Solidarity and Just Transition Silesia Declaration
Changes aimed at reducing CO2 emissions carry the risk of being negatively perceived by the public and even of lowering the standard of living of citizens. Transformation to a low-carbon economy in the industrialised regions will result in loss of jobs, which are sometimes regarded as a service passed down from generation to generation like in the case of Polish miners. This situation requires taking a deliberate and responsible look at the social aspect of transformation of regions such as Silesia.
Thanks to the declaration, this very important question was raised to the rank of a global issue, for the problem affects not only our country, but many other countries in the world as well. People employed in the coal mining sector have to get real support from their governments that will guarantee them decent existence in the new economic reality. The declaration also calls for including these issues in national adaptation plans, long-term strategies and other documents about economic transformation. It also encourages international and regional institutions, as well as observers, social partners, and any other actor interested in the subject matter of the declaration to join in the efforts.
The declaration was signed by 54 countries.
All declarations remain open to access.